Effect of Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) Plasma treatment on the Polypropylene film in presence of air and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure

  • Hossein Azimi
  • Mitra Tavakoli
  • Mehdi Sharifian
Keywords: DBD Plasma, Surface Modification, Polypropylene, Water contact angle, AFM, DRS.

Abstract

The plasma treatment is an efficient method used for improving wettability of the polymer film surface and increasing the surface roughness. In this paper, polypropylene (PP) films are modified by a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) Plasma in the presence of air and nitrogen separately at atmospheric pressure. The plasma-modified surfaces are characterized by contact angle measurements, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS). Results show a remarkable increase in hydrophilicity due to the implantation of oxygen and nitrogen containing groups in these modified polypropylene films. Atomic oxygen, atomic nitrogen, OH radicals, and ions, which are presented in the discharge, create radicals at the polymer surface, which can react with oxygen and nitrogen species, resulting in formation of oxygen and nitrogen containing functionalities on the polymer surface. It is shown that plasma in the nitrogen atmosphere is more efficient in etching and implanting functionalities than air plasma.

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Published
2021-06-20
Section
Articles