Nano bacterial cellulose for biomedical applications: A mini review focus on tissue engineering
Cellulose is one of the main constituents of natural biopolymer. Its properties like renewable, eco-friendly, sustainable biomaterial, and biocompatibility, biodegradable, cost-effectiveness, lightweight, and high mechanical strength, make it very useful in many fields. Nanocellulose is an ideal material to be used in the production of biopolymer composite, because of its properties such as low density, non-abrasiveness, combustibility, nontoxicity, and inexpensiveness. We can extract nanocellulose from both Bactria and plants. There are some reasons that bacterial cellulose is better than plant cellulose, which are given below. Bacterial nanocellulose has been used in various applications like medical products, food packaging, etc. This mini-review talks about the significant role of bacterial nanocellulose in the medical application including tissue engineering, drug delivery agents, wound healing, dental implant, bone tissue, and neural implants, cardiovascular implants, artificial cornea, etc. some studies have shown that some body`s cells such as endothelial, chondrocytes, and smooth muscle cells have good adhesion to BC.
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