Evaluating the Effects of Energy Standards on Industrial Competitiveness: Evidence from Iran

  • Bahareh Oryani 1Technology Management, Economics and Policy Program, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5356-4171
  • Afsaneh Shafiee Senior research fellow at Institute for Trade Studies and Research, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Energy’s Standards, Industrial Competitiveness, Seemingly Unrelated Regression, Iran


This research tends to investigate how industrial competitiveness could be affected by energy standards in case of Iran. Annual data on Competitiveness Industrial Index (CIP), Export Value Index (PX), Export Market Share (EMS), Industrial Energy Intensity (IEI), Manufacturing Price Index (MPI), and Total Factor Productivity (TFP) was used spanning the period 1990-2014. The results of the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) model confirmed the positive impact of PX, EMS, and TFP versus the negative impact of MPI, and the twofold impact of energy standards (IEI) on CPI.