Assess the Possibility of Producing Bioplastics from Leaf Extract of Ricinus Communis¬- A Preliminary Study

  • Dhivya S Natural Drug Research Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Mathiyazhagan Narayanan PG and Research Centre in Biotechnology, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Devarajan Natarajan Natural Drug Research Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Sabariswaran Kandasamy Institute for Energy Research, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • Gajendiran Kandasamy Department of Microbiology, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Selvaraj Vijayan Department of Physics, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Leaf extract, Ricinus communis, Bioplastic, Solubility, Biodegradable

Abstract

The continuous utilization of petroleum-based plastics is creating severe environmental pollution and causing less reversible damage to the ecosystem. Hence in this study, the possibilities of producing the bioplastics material from the leaf extract of R. communis was studied. The physical properties of the hot water extract and pealed film of bioplastics derived from the mix of R. communis along with 0.75 g of glucose, 1.125g of gelatin, 0.565g of agar and 1.8 mL of glycerol (agitated on the magnetic stirrer at 60°C for 2 h) have studied by various assays such as solubility assay, swelling assay, density assay, and soil burial assay. The results of the swelling assay showed that the swelling ratio of the bioplastic was as 14.28%. Furthermore, the density assay was calculated as 0.17g. The two solvents namely, sulphuric acid and ortho-phosphoric acid, have completely solubilized the bioplastics at 40% and 20% of each solvent respectively. Significant volume or mass of degradation was observed in soil burial assay in 15 days of study. Finally, the preliminary results attained from this study concludes that the extracts of R. communis along with aforementioned blending components could be useful to produce a biodegradable bioplastic with the possibility of mass fabrication.

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Published
2021-03-17
How to Cite
S, D., Narayanan, M., Natarajan, D., Kandasamy, S., Kandasamy, G., & Vijayan, S. (2021). Assess the Possibility of Producing Bioplastics from Leaf Extract of Ricinus Communis¬- A Preliminary Study. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(3), 588-593. https://doi.org/10.47277//JETT/9(3)593
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