Biochemical Mechanisms of True Mangrove Plants under Salinity Stress - A Review

  • Arun Arunprasath PG and Research Department of Botany, PSG College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India – 641 014
  • Sankara Vel V PG and Research Department of Botany, PSG College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India – 641 014
Keywords: Mangroves, Biochemical constituents, Salinity, Protein, Osmolytes


In the current evaluation, mangrove plants grow in salinity; have an exceptional system of adaptation, via the tropical and subtropical estuaries. The current estimate of the world's mangrove forests is not exactly half the contrast with its origin; due to the various anthropogenic activities and climatic changes, this is expected. The accomplishment of the mangroves to grow up and thrive under brutal conditions is through their outstanding morphological, anatomical, physiological, and biochemical highlights. According to antioxidative enzymes and improvements in chloroplast structure and function, the effects of salinity on mangroves have been focused on. Biochemical studies have shown that plants under salinity accumulate different metabolites called compatible solutes because they do not interfere with the metabolism of the plant and the accumulation of these solutes helps as an osmoprotectant in plants. It was found in different plant species that salinity stress caused the collection of soluble sugars, proline, and proteins in leaf growth to be generally restricted under salinity. Salinity causes several venomous effects, such as photosynthetic rate obstruction, chlorophyll material, damage to the penetrability of the plasma layer, and other metabolic influences. The determination of different biochemical boundaries shows the salinity tension, which is ubiquitously seen in India in the seedling of various true mangroves, notwithstanding photosynthetic pigment stabilization. Due to the high salinity content and minerals within these plants, mangrove plants are more and more susceptible to oxidative stress and damage. This study was completed to investigate the impact of salinity on different biochemical parameters, particularly NaCl.


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How to Cite
Arunprasath, A., & V, S. (2022). Biochemical Mechanisms of True Mangrove Plants under Salinity Stress - A Review. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 10(1), 103-109.
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