Adsorption of Malachite Green from Aqueous Solution using Hen Feathers -Application of Different Mathematical Models to Continuous Biosorption
Proper remediation of aquatic environments contaminated by toxic organic dyes has become a major research focus for environmental and chemical engineers in recent years. The focus of this study was to evaluate the adsorption of malachite green from an aqueous solution in a continuous fixed-bed column system. Waste materials like hen feathers, a biosorbent was proven to remove the water-soluble malachite green dye from wastewater. This study evaluates the adsorption potential of malachite green dye ions in a continuous flow adsorption column. The performance of the hen feathers was evaluated in the fixed bed column at various operating conditions such as bed height (6-10cm), flow rate (4-12ml/min), and initial concentration (10-30 mg/l). The bed height (8cm), flowrate(12 ml/min), and highest inlet concentration (20mg/l) resulted in the highest malachite green uptake of 2.829mg/g compared to other experimental conditions. The column experimental data obtained at different conditions were analyzed using three different models viz., Bohart-Adams model, Yoon-Nelsons model, BDST model, which provided a good breakthrough curve prediction. However, the results obtained from the Yoon-nelson model and BDST model were more satisfactory. The various characteristics of the hen feathers were studied using FTIR studies. The activated hen feather powder was a successful potential bio sorbent for the malachite green from the aqueous phase.
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