Nitrate removal from groundwater by strongly basic anion exchange resin, Duolite A161 (type 1): Feasibility study and optimization
In this study, a powerfully basic anion exchange resin (type 1): Duolite A161 was used in batch mode sorption studies in order to evaluate its efficiency in removing nitrate ions. In the first part of this work, the optimization of the parameters influencing the efficiency of the resin, namely: The dose of the resin (0.5 to 8 g), the stirring speed (10 to 120 rpm), the contact time (5 to 30 min), the initial nitrate concentration (30 to 180 ppm) and the pH (4 to 11), was carried out. The second part was devoted to studying the competitiveness of anions and cations, commonly present in groundwater, namely: sulfates, bicarbonates, chlorides, fluorides, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium; under the predetermined optimum conditions so as to examine its effect on the retention of nitrate ions by the resin. The results confirmed the effectiveness of the strong base anion exchange resin, such that more than 99% elimination of nitrate ions was obtained at 2 g of resin, 100 mg / L of nitrates, with stirring of 30rpm and during 18 min. On the other hand, the presence of anions: sulfates, chlorides, bicarbonates, and fluorides resulted in an average reduction of 13%, 32%, 23%, and 8% respectively. While the presence of cations: sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, had no effect on the effectiveness of the resin. Hence, the strong bases resin (type 1): Duolite A161 is one of the most attractive commercial exchangers, in terms of efficiency in removing nitrate ions from contaminated groundwater.
Duan S, Tong T, Zheng S, Zhang X, and Li S. Achieving low-cost, highly selective nitrate removal with standard anion exchange resin by tuning recycled brine composition. Water Research. 2020; vol. 173, p. 115571. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2020.115571.
Archna, Sharma S K, and Sobti R C. Nitrate Removal from Ground Water: A Review. E-Journal of Chemistry. 2012; vol. 9, no 4, p. 1667‑1675. doi: 10.1155/2012/154616.
Kapoor A and Viraraghavan T. Nitrate Removal From Drinking Water-Review. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 1997; vol. 123, no 4, p. 371‑380. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(1997)123:4(371).
Laaouan M, Aboulhassan M A, Bengamra S, Taleb A, Souabi S, and Tahiri M. Comparative study of three groundwater pollution cities of Mohammedia, Temara and Dar Bouazza by nitrates (Moroccan meseta). J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 2016; 7 (4)1298-1309, p. 12, 2016.
Bergquist A M, Choe J K, Strathmann T J, and Werth C J,. Evaluation of a hybrid ion exchange-catalyst treatment technology for nitrate removal from drinking water. Water Research. 2016; vol. 96, p. 177‑187. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.054.
Milmile S N, Pande J V, Karmakar, Bansiwal S A, Chakrabarti T, and Biniwale R B. Equilibrium isotherm and kinetic modeling of the adsorption of nitrates by anion exchange Indion NSSR resin. Desalination. 2011; vol. 276, no 1‑3, p. 38‑44. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2011.03.015.
Samatya S, Kabay N, Yüksel Ü, Arda M, and Yüksel M. Removal of nitrate from aqueous solution by nitrate selective ion exchange resins. Reactive and Functional Polymers. 2006; vol. 66, no 11, p. 1206‑1214. doi: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2006.03.009.
Nujic M, Milinkovic D, Agrokontrola d.o.o., Laboratory Virovitica, Matije Gupca 254, Virovitica, Habuda-Stanic M, and Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Kuhača F 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia. Nitrate removal from water by ion exchange. Croat. J. Food Sci. Technol. 2017; vol. 9, no 2, p. 182‑186. doi: 10.17508/CJFST.2017.9.2.15.
El Bouqdaoui K, Aachib M, Blaghen M, and Kholtei. Modélisation de la pollution par les nitrates de la nappe de Berrechid, au Maroc. Africa Science : International Journal of Science and Technology. 2010; vol. 5, no 1. doi: 10.4314/afsci.v5i1.61711.
Sowmya A and Meenakshi S. Removal of nitrate and phosphate anions from aqueous solutions using strong base anion exchange resin », Desalination and Water Treatment. 2013; vol. 51, no 37‑39, p. 7145‑7156. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2013.771286.
Ceica A, Bulgariu L, Lazar L, Cretescu I, and Balasanian I, « Influence of some parameters on nitrate removal from water by purolite A-520E resin. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 2011; vol. 10, no 10, p. 1553‑1559. doi: 10.30638/eemj.2011.216.
World Health Organization, Éd., Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2011.
Matějů V, Čižinská S, Krejčí J, and Janoch T. Biological water denitrification-A review. Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 1992; vol. 14, no 3, p. 170‑183. doi: 10.1016/0141-0229(92)90062-S.
Labarca F and Bórquez R. Comparative study of nanofiltration and ion exchange for nitrate reduction in the presence of chloride and iron in groundwater. Science of The Total Environment. 2020; vol. 723, p. 137809. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137809.
Elmidaoui A et al. Pollution of nitrate in Moroccan ground water: removal by electrodialysis. Desalination. 2001; vol. 136, no 1‑3, p. 325‑332. doi: 10.1016/S0011-9164(01)00195-3.
Kim J et BenjaminM M. Modeling a novel ion exchange process for arsenic and nitrate removal. Water Research. 2004; vol. 38, no 8, p. 2053‑2062. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2004.01.012.
Li Q et al. Preferential adsorption of nitrate with different trialkylamine modified resins and their preliminary investigation for advanced treatment of municipal wastewater. Chemosphere. 2019; vol. 223, p. 39‑47. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.02.008.
Nur T, Shim W G, Loganathan P, Vigneswaran S and Kandasamy J. Nitrate removal using Purolite A520E ion exchange resin: batch and fixed-bed column adsorption modelling. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015; vol. 12, no 4, p. 1311‑1320. doi: 10.1007/s13762-014-0510-6.
Song H, Zhou Y, Li A and Mueller S. Selective removal of nitrate from water by a macroporous strong basic anion exchange resin. Desalination. 2012; vol. 296, p. 53‑60. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2012.04.003.
http://www.aquafilsep.com/wpcontent/themes/aqua/images/pdf/Anion-Exchange-Resin-DUOLITE-A161-PDS.pdf, consulted the 02/11/2020.
Norhayati A. Pre-evaluation of strong base anion exchange, Amberlite IRA 958-Cl resin for nitrate removal. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2019; vol. 17, p. 679‑685. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.06.350.
Ye Y, Ren Y, Zhu J, Wang J and Li B. Removal of nitrate and Cr(VI) from drinking water by a macroporous anion exchange resin. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2016; vol. 57, no 55, p. 26427‑26439. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2016.1164081.
He H, Huang Y, Yan M, Xie Y and Li Y. Synergistic effect of electrostatic adsorption and ion exchange for efficient removal of nitrate. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2020; vol. 584, p. 123973. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2019.123973.
Gandhi M R, Kalaivani G and Meenakshi S. Sorption of chromate and fluoride onto duolite a 171 anion exchange resin- a comparative study. p. 7, 2011.
Copyright (c) 2021 sakina belhamidi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.