Application of an Artificial Neural Network Model for estimating of Water Quality Parameters in the Karun River, Iran

  • Marjan Salari Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Sirjan University of Technology, Kerman
  • Ehsan Teymouri Graduated M.Sc student, Department of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
  • Zeinab Nassaj Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Artificial Neural Networks, Predicting, Water Quality Index, Khuzestan province

Abstract

Population growth and increasing agricultural and industrial activities result in reducing water quality, climate change, and changed the rainfall pattern as well as the hydrological cycle. In the present study, artificial neural networks (ANN) applied deduced and expand models to predict the monthly values of dissolved oxygen (DO), and electrical conductivity (EC) in the Karun River at stations positioned at Ahwaz and Gotvand sites in Iran. To analyze the water quality, the monthly data of four main parameters and discharge between 1998 and 2010 were selected. The correlation coefficient, root mean square error, and mean absolute error as statistical criteria were utilized for evaluating the model performance. Finally, the potential of ANN on simulating relevancy between water quality parameters is examined. Results indicated the neural networks can discern the pattern of water quality parameters to offer an appropriate prediction of changes in water quality data of the Karun River.

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Published
2021-06-27
How to Cite
Salari, M., Teymouri, E., & Nassaj, Z. (2021). Application of an Artificial Neural Network Model for estimating of Water Quality Parameters in the Karun River, Iran. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(4), 720-727. https://doi.org/10.47277/JETT/9(4)727
Section
Regular publication process